Variety of Mikan


みかん辞典見出し

Nine different varieties of Mikan go into the production of the liquor
in the Saru no Mato range of Kishu Kankan-ya Mikan Liquor.

Citrus Unshiu

温州みかん

Size (Diameter)approx. 6.5~7 cm

Harvest Season October - February

Sweetness ★★★★★

The word ‘Mikan’ is often used simply to refer to Citrus Unshiu (satsuma). It boasts the title of most common variety of Mikan grown in Japan. Its rich sweetness and low acidity are defining characteristics of the fruit. The Kishu Arida Citrus Unshiu has a thin peel, and is juicy with a high sugar content.

Kara Mandarine

カラマンダリン カラマンダリン見出し

Size (Diameter) approx. 7 cm

Harvest Season April - May

Sweetness ★★★★★

The Kara Mandarine takes on some of the same physical characteristics of its parent plant, the Citrus Unshiu, but its flesh bears a slightly more orange colour.The flavour is sweet, with rich body and substance. It has the refreshing taste and quality of any citrus fruit.Even within Wakayama prefecture, it is a rare fruit with a limited harvest yield.

Harumi

はるみ はるみ見出し

Size (Diameter) approx. 7~8 cm

Harvest Season February - April

Sweetness ★★★★☆

The Harumi is characterised by its strong sweet flavour with low acidity and a tender texture. It can be considered a close relative of the Shiranui as it shares the same parent plants.It doesn’t have a long history of cultivation in Wakayama prefecture, and is a relatively new variety in the area. The repeated yield of fruit is quite low, which has resulted in this being considered quite a rare variety.

Shiranui

不知火 不知火見出し

Size (Diameter) approx. 7~9 cm

Harvest Season February - April

Sweetness ★★★★☆

Written as 不知火 in Japanese, Shiranui can be translated as ‘mysterious lights on the sea’. It is occasionally referred to as ‘Dekopon’ (Registered Trademark), alluding to the bump on one end. It has a distinctive and delicious flavour, with a strong sweetness and a balanced level of acidity. It has recently gained popularity as a fruit of very high quality.

Kiyomi

清見 清見見出し

Size (Diameter) approx. 7~8 cm

Harvest Season January - April

Sweetness ★★★★★

The Kiyomi combines the most delicious aspects of its parent fruits; the body and sweetness of the Citrus Unshiu, and the scent and refreshing acidity of the Trovita orange. Due to it’extremely pleasing flavour, it is popular everywhere, including its place of origin.

Seminole

セミノール セミノール見出し

Size (Diameter) approx. 6.5~7 cm

Harvest Season April - May

Sweetness ★★★☆☆

This fruit can be identified by its intense flavour and scent, as well as its orange skin and flesh tinged with red. The Seminole is enjoyed for its refreshing sharpness, owing to its grapefruit parent.Once opened, juice pours from this fruit in abundance, making it an appropriate variety for juicing.

Hassaku Orange

八朔

Size (Diameter) approx. 8.5~9 cm

Harvest Season January - April

Sweetness ★★☆☆☆

The unique firm and almost crunchy texture, and the refined bitter taste both contribute to the distinct, refreshing character of the Hassaku orange.The fruit has been long cultivated within Wakayama prefecture, and has quietly become a favourite. It may not have a particularly striking sweetness, but has a moderate acidity and can be enjoyed for its slightly bitter taste.

Amanatsu (Sweet Pomelo)

甘夏

Size (Diameter) approx. 9.5~10 cm

Harvest Season February - June

Sweetness ★★☆☆☆

A bud-variation of a summer Mikan, it is a sweet fruit of the summer months - as the name suggests - and is one of the larger varieties of Mikan. Due to its thick skin, a knife is often required to cut the fruit open before it can be consumed. It has a refreshingly sweet flavour, with moderate acidity, and can be described as ‘bittersweet’.

Yuzu

柚子

Size (Diameter) approx. 6.5~7 cm

Harvest Season October - November

Sweetness ★☆☆☆☆

The village of Kishu Kumano has been left unspoiled, and graced with the beauty of nature for as long as anyone can remember. The succulent Yuzu, with its intense scent, can be found deep within the mountain range of Kishu Kumano, where the temperature is prone to severe contrasts of hot and cold. The Yuzu is best enjoyed for its delicate acidity and fresh scent.

Sudachi

八朔

Size (Diameter) approx. 3~4cm

Harvest Season August - October

Sweetness ★☆☆☆☆

Sudachi is a Japanese citrus fruit which is closely related to the Yuzu citrus. They are often mistaken as Kabosu, another Japanese citrus fruit, but are smaller in size.
Smooth and refreshing in flavor, a hint of tartness gives an extra aroma to the final touches in your cooking by using the zest and juice. A sudachi can be equivalent to a lemon as it is rich in vitamin C.

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